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INTRODUCTION

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Maternal diabetic control is a key factor in determining fetal outcome for the infant of a diabetic mother (IDM). Data indicate that perinatal morbidity and mortality rates in the offspring of women with diabetes mellitus have improved with dietary management and insulin therapy. However, complications may still arise in the infant, including hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, perinatal asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), other respiratory illnesses, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, hyperbilirubinemia, polycythemia, renal vein thrombosis, macrosomia, birth injuries, and congenital malformations. Because of better current understanding of the pathophysiology of diabetic pregnancies, these complications can be recognized and treated.

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I. CLASSIFICATION

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  1. White's classification. White's classification system is based on the age at onset, duration of the disorder, and complications. It is currently used to group women with diabetes during pregnancy and provide a method to compare groups of infants. The original table was revised (Table 102–1).

  2. The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Table 102–2 presents the nomenclature of the Expert Committee for the classification diabetes mellitus.

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Table 102–1.WHITE'S MODIFIED CLASSIFICATION OF DIABETES IN PREGNANCY
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Table Graphic Jump Location
Table 102–2.NOMENCLATURE OF THE EXPERT COMMITTEE ON THE DIAGNOSIS AND CLASSIFICATION OF DIABETES MELLITUS

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