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1. Dilated cardiomyopathy

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Figure 10-1

Dilated cardiomyopathy.

A, B. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of an 11-month-old infant show marked cardiomegaly and mild pulmonary edema. There is superimposed central atelectasis.

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2. Dilated cardiomyopathy

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Figure 10-2

Dilated cardiomyopathy.

An anteroposterior radiograph of a 15-month-old child demonstrates cardiomegaly and prominence of interstitial lung markings.

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3. Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

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Figure 10-3

Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

A, B. Anteroposterior and lateral chest radiographs of an 18-month-old boy with a 2-week history of increasing fatigue show moderately severe cardiomegaly. There is slight prominence of pulmonary vascular markings. C. Dilation of the left ventricle (arrows) is evident on this apical view echocardiographic image obtained during systole. The left ventricular ejection fraction was 20%.

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4. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

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Figure 10-4

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

This 10-month-old girl presented with exertional dyspnea and syncopal episodes. Auscultation demonstrated a systolic ejection murmur. The child's father, paternal uncle, and paternal aunt had been diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A, B. Radiographs show cardiomegaly and a normal pulmonary vascular pattern. C, D. Echocardiography demonstrates severe myocardial thickening of the left ventricle.

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5. Asymmetric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

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Figure 10-5

Asymmetric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

A four-chamber MR image obtained with a true fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP) technique demonstrates marked myocardial thickening of the septum.

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6. Acute myocarditis

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Figure 10-6

Acute myocarditis.

A, B. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs show cardiomegaly, mild pulmonary edema, and a small right pleural effusion.

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7. Cardiac mucormycosis

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Figure 10-7

Cardiac mucormycosis.

A. Contrast-enhanced CT of a 6-year-old girl with leukemia shows a filling defect (arrow) in the right ventricle. B. The vegetation (arrow) has an echogenic character on echocardiography.

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8. Kawasaki disease; coronary artery aneurysm

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Figure 10-8

Kawasaki disease; coronary artery aneurysm.

Angiography demonstrates a fusiform aneurysm in the proximal aspect of the left coronary artery.

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9. Takayasu arteritis; dilated ...

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