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⇔, nlnormal
decreased, decreasing, depressed, down
causes, results in, next
±possibly, consider
female
male
Δchange in
1,25(OH)2-D1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D
2/2secondary to
2,3-DPG2,3-diphosphoglycerol
25(OH) D25-hydroxy vitamin D
5′-NT5′-nucleotidase
6-MP6-mercaptopurine
AAA anti-actin antibody
A-aDO2alveolar–arterial oxygen tension difference
AAPAmerican Academy of Pediatrics
AATα1 antitrypsin
Abantibody
ABCairway, breathing, circulation
abdabdominal
ABERauditory brainstem-evoked response
ABGarterial blood gas
ABNLabnormal
ABPAallergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
ABRauditory brainstem response
abxantibiotics
ACassist control
ACEIangiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
acLanticardiolipin
ACOGAmerican College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
ACS acute chest syndrome
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
ADautosomal dominant
ADAadenosine deaminase
ADCapparent diffusion coefficient
ADEMacute disseminated encephalomyelitis
ADHantidiuretic hormone
ADHDattention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADLactivity of daily living
AEDantiepileptic drug
AETatrial ectopic tachycardia
AFBacid-fast bacilli
AFIamniotic fluid index
AFPα-fetoprotein
AGanion gap
Agantigen
AGEacute gastroenteritis
AGEPacute generalized erythematous pustulosis
AHAAmerican Heart Association
AHIapnea-hypopnea index (number of apneas + hypopneas per hour on polysomnography)
AIaortic insufficiency; autoimmune
AIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIHautoimmune hepatitis
AIHAautoimmune hemolytic anemia
AINacute interstitial nephritis
AKAalcoholic ketoacidosis
AKIacute kidney injury
Al+++aluminum
Alaalanine
ALCAPAanomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery
ALDadrenoleukodystrophy
Alk Phosalkaline phosphatase
ALLacute lymphoblastic leukemia
ALPalkaline phosphatase
ALTalanine aminotransferase
ALTEapparent life-threatening episode
AMAantimitochondrial antibody
AMLacute myelogenous leukemia
AMMoLacute myelomonocytic leukemia
amoxamoxicillin
ampampicillin
ampho Bamphotericin B
ANanorexia nervosa
ANAantinuclear antibody
ANCAantineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
ANLLacute nonlymphoblastic leukemia
anti-dsDNA Abanti-double stranded DNA antibody
anti-GAD Abanti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies
anti-LC1 Abanti-liver cytosol-antibody
anti-LKM1 Abanti-liver/kidney microsome antibody
anti-LKM-1antibodies to liver/kidney microsomes
anti-SLA/LPAbanti-soluble liver/liver pancreas antigen antibody
anti-TPOAbanti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies
AOMacute otitis media
APanterior posterior; aortopulmonary
APCantigen-presenting cell
APTTactivated partial thromboplastin time
ARaortic regurgitation; autosomal recessive
ARBangiotensin receptor blocker
ARDSacute respiratory distress syndrome
ARFacute renal failure
AROMartificial rupture of membranes
ARRabsolute risk reduction
ARVCarrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
ASaortic stenosis
ASAaminosalicylic acid (aspirin)
ASDatrial septal defect
ASMAanti–smooth muscle antibody
Aspaspartate
ASTaspartate aminotransferase
asxasymptomatic
ATFLanterior talofibular ligament
AT-IIangiotensin-II
ATNacute tubular necrosis
ATPadenosine triphosphate
ATRAall trans retinoic acid
AUSabdominal ultrasound
AVarteriovenous; atrioventricular
AVBatrioventricular block
AVCDatrioventricular canal defect
AVM arteriovenous malformation
AVNavascular necrosis
AVParginine vasopressin
AXRabdominal X-ray
BAbone age
BALBritish antilewisite; bronchoalveolar lavage
BASballoon atrial septostomy
BCGbacillus Calmette-Guérin
BCxblood culture
BDGbidirectional Glenn
BEbarium enema
β-HCGbeta human chorionic gonadotropin
BGblood glucose
BIDtwice daily
BiPAPbilevel positive airway pressure
B/Lbilateral
BLSbasic life support
BMbowel movement
BMAbone marrow aspirate
BMD

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