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Contributors

Editor

Tricia Lacy Gomella, MD
Part-Time Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Associate Editors

M. Douglas Cunningham, MD
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
School of Medicine
University of California, Irvine
Consulting Neonatologist
University of California Medical Center
Orange, California

Fabien G. Eyal, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Chief and Louise Lenoir Locke Professor of Neonatology
Medical Director, Intensive Care Nurseries
University of South Alabama Children's and Women's Hospital
Mobile, Alabama

Consulting Editor

Deborah Tuttle, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Attending Neonatologist
Christiana Care Health Services
Wilmington, Delaware

Contributors

Irfan Ahmad, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
School of Medicine
University of California, Irvine
and
Pediatric Subspecialty Faculty
Children's Hospital of Orange County
Orange, California
Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Spontaneous Intestinal Perforation

Marilee C. Allen, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Co-Director of the NICU Developmental Clinic, Kennedy-Kreiger Institute
Baltimore, Maryland
Follow-up of High-Risk Infants, Counseling Parents Before High-Risk Delivery

Gad Alpan, MD, MBA
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
New York Medical College
Maria Fareri Children's Hospital
Westchester Medical Center
Valhalla, New York
Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn, Infant of a Drug-Abusing Mother

April L. Anderson, PharmD
Neonatal Clinical Pharmacist
Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies
Orlando, Florida
Commonly Used Medications

Hubert O. Ballard, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of Kentucky College of Medicine
Lexington, Kentucky
Apnea and Periodic Breathing

Fayez M. Bany-Mohammed, MD, FAAP
Associate Clinical Professor
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of California at Irvine
UCI Medical Center
Orange, California
Chlamydial Infection, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Meningitis, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcal Aureus (MRSA) Infections, Parvovirus B19 Infection, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Sepsis, Syphilis, TORCH Infections, Ureaplasma Urealyticum Infection, Varicella-Zoster Infections

Julia S. Barthold, MD
Associate Chief, Division of Urology
A.I. duPont Hospital for Children
Wilmington, Delaware
and
Associate Professor, Urology and Pediatrics
Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Surgical Diseases of the Newborn: Urologic Disorders

Jason K. Baxter, MD, MSCP
Assistant Professor
Director, Division of Research
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Antepartum and Intrapartum Fetal Assessment

Daniel Beals, MD
Associate Clinical Professor
University of Cincinnati
Department of General and Thoracic Surgery
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio
Neonatal Bioethics

Dhilip R. Bhatt, MD
Neonatologist
Kaiser Permanente
Claremont, California
Isolation Guidelines

Michael B. Bober, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
and
Co-Director, Skeletal Dysplasia Program
Nemours Children's Clinic
Division of Medical Genetics
Wilmington, Delaware
Common Multiple Congenital Anomaly Syndromes

Maria Teresa Canola, RN, MSN/MPH, CIC
Infection Control Practitioner
Department Administrator Infection Control
Kaiser Permanente Hospital
Fontana, California
Isolation Guidelines

Daniel Canter, MD
Instructor, Urology
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Hematuria, Renal Failure (Acute), Urinary Tract Infection

Gary E. Carnahan, MD, PhD
Director of Transfusion Medicine
Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology
College of Medicine
University of South Alabama
University of South Alabama Children's and Women's Hospital
Mobile, Alabama
Blood Component Therapy

Pasquale Casale, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Urology
University of Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Hematuria, Renal Failure (Acute), Urinary Tract Infection

Kara Cole, PA-C
Physician Assistant
Division of Pediatric Surgery
University of Kentucky Children's Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky
Surgical Diseases of the Newborn: Abdominal Masses, Abdominal Wall Defects, Alimentary Tract Obstruction, Diseases of the Airway, Tracheobronchial Tree and Lungs, Retroperitoneal Tumors

Carol M. Cottrill, MD, FAAP, FACC
Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Defibrillation and Cardioversion, Arrhythmia, Congenital Heart Disease

M. Douglas Cunningham, MD
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
School of Medicine
University of California, Irvine
and
Consulting Neonatologist
University of California Medical Center
Orange, California
Body Water, Fluid, and Electrolytes, Exchange Transfusion, Calcium Disorders (Hypocalcemia, Hypercalcemia), Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses, Hydrocephalus and Ventriculomegaly, Intracranial Hemorrhages, Lyme Disease and Pregnancy, Magnesium Disorders (Hypomagnesemia, Hypermagnesemia), Aerosol Therapy in Neonates, Emergency Medications and Therapy for Neonates

Lauren Davey, PA-C, MMS, MSPH
Physician Assistant
Department of Pediatric Genetics
Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
Wilmington, Delaware
Common Multiple Congenital Anomaly Syndromes

Nirmala S. Desai, MBBS
Professor of Pediatrics
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of Kentucky Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky
Newborn Screening, Nutritional Management, Management of the Extremely Low Birthweight Infant During the First Week of Life, Intrauterine Growth Restriction (Small for Gestational Age), Osteopenia of Prematurity

Kevin Dysart, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Nemours Children's Clinics
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Wilmington, Delaware
Infant of a Diabetic Mother

Fabien G. Eyal, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Chief and Louise Lenoir Locke Professor of Neonatology
Medical Director, Intensive Care Nurseries
University of South Alabama Children's and Women's Hospital
Mobile, Alabama
Blood Component Therapy, Temperature Regulation, Sedation and Analgesia in a Neonate, ABO Incompatibility, Anemia, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Meconium Aspiration, Rh Incompatibility, Thrombocytopenia and Platelet Dysfunction

Catherine A. Finnegan, MS, CRNP
Neonatal Nurse Practitioner
Department of Neonatology
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland
Venous Access: Percutaneous Central Venous Catheterization

Tricia Lacy Gomella, MD
Part-Time Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Assessment of Gestational Age, Newborn Physical Examination, Section II: Procedures, Section III: On-Call Problems, Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn

Janet E. Graeber, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Chief, Section of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
West Virginia University School of Medicine
Robert C. Byrd Health Science Center
Morgantown, West Virginia
Eye Disorders of the Newborn and Retinopathy of Prematurity

Deborah L. Grider, RNC
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Research Nurse Coordinator
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
Management of the Extremely Low Birthweight Infant During the First Week of Life

George W. Gross, MD
Professor of Radiology
Director, Division of Pediatric Radiology
Department of Diagnostic Radiology
University of Maryland Medical System
Baltimore, Maryland
Neonatal Radiology

Wayne E. Hachey, DO, MPH
Director, Preventive Medicine
Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs)
Department of Defense
Pentagon, Virginia
Meconium Aspiration

Charles R. Hamm Jr., MD
Professor and Vice Chair of Pediatrics
University of South Alabama College of Medicine
Mobile, Alabama
Respiratory Management

Pui Man (Julia) Ho, PharmD
Pharmacy Clinical Specialist
Department of Pharmacy
Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters
Norfolk, Virginia
Commonly Used Medications

Pip M. Huang-Hidestrand, MD
Resident Physician, Pediatrics
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Defibrillation and Cardioversion

H. Jane Huffnagle, DO, FAOCA
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
and
Director of Obstetric Anesthesia
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Obstetric Anesthesia and the Neonate

Virginia Hustead, MD
Medical Director of ECMO Services
Department of Neonatology
Children's Hospital of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation of the Newborn

Joseph A. Iocono, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky
and
Director, Pediatric Trauma Program
Associate Director, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center
Kentucky Children's Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky
Surgical Diseases of the Newborn: Abdominal Masses, Abdominal Wall Defects, Alimentary Tract Obstruction, Diseases of the Airway, Tracheobronchial Tree and Lungs, Retroperitoneal Tumors

Jamieson E. Jones, MD
Attending Neonatologist
Palomar-Pomorado Health Systems and Rady Children's Hospital of San Diego
and
Clinical Instructor, Pediatrics
University of California
San Diego, California
Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies in Neonatology

Robert J. Kuhn, PharmD
Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science
University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy
Lexington, Kentucky
Commonly Used Medications

Christoph U. Lehmann, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland
Studies for Neurologic Evaluation

William G. MacKenzie, MD, FRCS(C)
Chairman, Department of Orthopedic Surgery
A.I. duPont Hospital for Children
Wilmington, Delaware
and
Assistant Professor
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
Jefferson Medical College
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Problems

Barbara McKinney, PharmD
Neonatal Clinical Pharmacist
Department of Pharmacy
Christiana Hospital
Newark, Delaware
Aerosol Therapy in Neonates, Emergency Medications and Therapy for Neonates, Commonly Used Medications

Ambadas Pathak, MD
Assistant Professor Emeritus
Department of Pediatrics
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
and
Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Seizures in the Neonate

David A. Paul, MD
Attending Neonatologist
Christiana Care Health System
Newark, Delaware
and
duPont Hospital for Children
Wilmington, Delaware
and
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Multiple Gestation

Kurlen S. E. Payton, MD
Postdoctoral Fellow
Department of Neonatology
The Johns Hopkins University Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland
Rash and Dermatologic Problems

Stephen A. Pearlman, MD
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
Thomas Jefferson University
Fellowship Director, Neonatology
Jefferson Medical College and Christiana Care Health System
Director of Medical Education, Pediatrics
Christiana Care Health System/duPont Hospital for Children
Associate Director, Neonatology, Christiana Care Health System
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Management of the Late Preterm Infant

Keith J. Peevy, JD, MD
Professor of Pediatrics and Neonatal Medicine
Department of Pediatrics
University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama
Polycythemia and Hyperviscosity

Judith D. Polak, MSN, NNP-BC
Clinical Instructor
Department of Pediatrics
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia
Eye Disorders of the Newborn and Retinopathy Prematurity

Andrew R. Pulito, MD
Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics
University of Kentucky
Surgeon-in-Chief, Kentucky Children's Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky
Surgical Diseases of the Newborn: Abdominal Masses, Abdominal Wall Defects, Alimentary Tract Obstruction, Diseases of the Airway, Tracheobronchial Tree and Lungs, Retroperitoneal Tumors

Rakesh Rao, MD
Assistant Professor
Division of Newborn Medicine
Department of Pediatrics
Washington University in St. Louis
St. Louis, Missouri
Nutritional Management, Intrauterine Growth Restriction (Small for Gestational Age), Osteopenia of Prematurity

Tracey L. Robinson, RN
Research Nurse Coordinator
Department of Neonatology
Kentucky Children's Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky
Management of the Extremely Low Birthweight Infant During the First Week of Life

Sarah J. Rosen, MD
Clinical Instructor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Antepartum and Intrapartum Fetal Assessment

Jack Sills, MD
Medical Director, NICU
University of California, Irvine Medical Center
Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of California, Irvine
Orange, California
Perinatal Asphyxia

Lizette C. Sistoza, MD, FAAP
Staff Neonatologist
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
Arrowhead Regional Medical Center
Colton, California
Air Leak Syndromes

Kendra Smith, MD
Associate Professor
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation of the Newborn

Ganesh Srinivasan, MD, DM
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health (Neonatology)
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Canada
Thyroid Disorders

Thomas P. Strandjord, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington
Resuscitation of the Newborn

Theodora A. Stavroudis, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
USC Division of Neonatal Medicine
Children's Hospital Los Angeles and LAC+USC Medical Center
Keck School of Medicine
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California
Studies for Neurologic Evaluation

Wendy J. Sturtz, MD
Attending Neonatologist
Department of Neonatology
Christiana Care Health System
Newark, Delaware
Infant Transport

Outi K. T. Tammela, MD
Docent in Neonatology
Head of Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
Pediatric Research Center
Tampere University Hospital
Tampere, Finland
Hyaline Membrane Disease (Respiratory Distress Syndrome)

Ahmed M. Thabet, MD
Pediatric Orthopedic Fellow
Department of Orthopedics
A.I. duPont Hospital for Children
Nemours Children Clinics
Wilmington, Delaware
and
Lecturer of Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedic Surgery Department
Benha Medical School
Benha, Egypt
Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Problems

Christiane Theda, MD, PhD, MBA
Assistant Professor
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland
and
Visiting Geneticist
Victorian Clinical Genetics Services
Neonatologist, Newborn Emergency Transfer Service
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Disorders of Sex Development, Inborn Errors of Metabolism with Acute Neonatal Onset, Neural Tube Defects

Deborah J. Tuttle, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
and
Attending Neonatologist
Christiana Care Health System
Wilmington, Delaware
Consulting Editor

Cherry Uy, MD, FAAP
Associate Clinical Professor
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of California, Irvine
Orange, California
Section IV: Diseases and Disorders: Hyperbilirubinemia, Direct (Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia); Hyperbilirubinemia, Indirect (Unconjugated Hyperbilirubinemia)

Louis Weinstein, MD
Paul A. and Eloise B. Bowers Professor and Chair
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Antepartum and Intrapartum Fetal Assessment

Richard M. Whitehurst, Jr., MD
Associate Professor
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama
ABO Incompatibility, Rh Incompatibility

Regina Winner, ARNP, MSN
Director, NICU
Central Baptist Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky
Newborn Screening

Michael Zayek, MD
Associate Professor
Division of Neonatology
Department of Pediatrics
University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Thrombocytopenia and Platelet Dysfunction

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