Patient Education

...Clinical Presentations: Acute Torticollis Acute torticollis can result from any inflammatory process that irritates the cervical muscles, nerves, or vertebrae. There is unilateral spasm of the SCM such that the head is positioned with the occiput rotated to the ipsilateral side and the chin...

...Clinical Presentations: Infantile Torticollis Many young infants exhibit a head tilt or head turn preference that is exacerbated by back sleeping. This can lead to flattening of the posterior aspect of the head. The current campaign to encourage back sleeping appears to be causing an increased...

...ACQUIRED MUSCULAR TORTICOLLIS Torticollis, or wryneck, is stiff neck associated with muscle spasm in previously normal children. There are congenital causes but discussion will focus on acquired muscular torticollis, which is often seen in the emergency department. Most common symptoms are neck...

...TORTICOLLIS Patients with congenital muscular torticollis present with persistent head tilt to the affected side and lateral rotation of the head to the contralateral side, which has been present since birth. The etiology of this contracture of the sternocleidomastoid muscle is likely related...

...Fibromatosis Colli Figure 30–30 Fibromatosis colli. A . A longitudinal sonographic image of a 25-day-old infant with torticollis shows marked enlargement and moderate hyperechogenicity of the right SCM ( arrows ). B . The left SCM muscle ( arrow ) is normal. Figure 30–31...

...Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation Figure 25–6 Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation; Fielding type I. A. A CT scout image of a 15-year-old boy with torticollis shows rotation of the head to the left. B. An axial CT at the level of the atlas shows approximiately 35° rotation of the head...