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AIN: acute interstitial nephritis
AKI: acute kidney injury
ALCL: anaplastic large cell lymphoma
ALK: anaplastic lymphoma kinase
ALL: acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Alph1-AT: alpha-1 antitrypsin
AMKL: acute megakaryocytic leukemia
AML: acute myeloid leukemia
ANA: antinuclear antibody
ANC: absolute neutrophil count
ANCA: anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
Anti-SMA: anti-smooth muscle antibody
APGAR: appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, respiration
APML: acute promyelocytic leukemia
ASCA: anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody
ASD: atrial septal defect
ATN: acute tubular necrosis
ATRA: all-trans retinoic acid
BP: blood pressure
BWS: Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome
CBD: common bile duct
CCK: cholecystokinin
CD: Crohn's disease
CGD: chronic granulomatous disease
CHD: congenital heart disease
CHF: congestive heart failure
CINV: chemotherapy-induced nausea vomiting
CML: chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV: cytomegalovirus
CNS: central nervous system
CRT: cardiac resynchronization therapy
CXR: chest x-ray
DBP: diastolic blood pressure
DISIDA scan: diisopropyl iminodiacetic acid labeled with 99m-technetium
DVT: deep venous thrombosis
EBV: Epstein–Barr virus
ECG: electrocardiogram
ECMO: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
EPS: extrapyramidal symptoms
ETT: via endotracheal tube
FENa: fractional excretion of sodium
FISH: fluorescence in situ hybridization
GAS: group A streptococcus
GER: gastroesophageal reflux
GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR: glomerular filtration rate
GI: gastrointestinal
GN: glomerulonephritis
GNR: gram negative rods
GVHD: graft-versus-host disease
HELLP: hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets
HHV6: human herpesvirus 6
HLA: human leukocyte antigen
HLH: hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
HLHS: hypoplastic left heart syndrome
HOCM: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
HSCT: hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
HSP: Henoch–chönlein purpura
HSV: herpes simplex virus
HUS: hemolytic uremic syndrome
IBD: inflammatory bowel disease
IBS: irritable bowel syndrome
IC: indeterminate colitis
ICU: intensive care unit
IM: intramuscular
IN: intranasal
IV: intravenous
JDM: juvenile dermatomyositis
JIA: juvenile idiopathic arthritis
JMML: juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
LA: left atrium
LDH: lactate dehydrogenase
LES: lower esophageal sphincter
LGBTQ: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning
LKM: liver-kidney-microsomal
LLSB: left lower sternal border
LSD: D-lysergic acid diethylamide
LV: left ventricle
LVAD: left ventricular assist device
LVNC: left ventricular noncompaction
MAS: Macrophage activation syndrome
MDS: myelodysplastic syndrome
MLL: mixed lineage leukemia
MPGN: membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
MRS: magnetic resonance spectroscopy
NEMO: a primary immunodeficiency syndrome caused by genetic mutations in the X-linked NEMO gene
NHL: non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
NMDA: N-methyl-D-aspartate
NPO: nothing by mouth
NS: nephrotic syndrome
NSAIDs: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
PAC: premature atrial contraction
PCA: patient controlled analgesia
PCP: phencyclidine
PDA: patent ductus arteriosus
PDD: pervasive developmental delay
PG: prostaglandin
Pi: protease inhibitor
PICC: peripherally inserted central catheters
PMBCL: primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma
PNET: peripheral neuroectodermal issue
PO: by mouth
PPI: proton pump inhibitor
PR: per rectum
PRSA: post-streptococcal reactive arthritis
PTLD: post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease
PUCAI: pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index
PUD: peptic ulcer disease
PVC: premature ventricular contraction
PVR: pulmonary vascular resistance
RA: right atrium
RCM: restrictive cardiomyopathy
RTA: renal tubular acidosis
RUQ: right upper quadrant
RV: right ventricle
SaO2: oxygen saturation
SBP: systolic blood pressure
SC: subcutaneous
SCID: severe combined immunodeficiency
SCT: stem cell transplantation
SI: suicidal ideation
SIRS: systemic inflammatory response syndrome
SLA: soluble liver antigen
SLE: systemic lupus erythematosus
SMS: superior mediastinal syndrome
STEC: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
SVCS: superior vena cava syndrome
SVR: systemic vascular resistance
SVT: supraventricular tachycardia
TAPVR: total anomalous pulmonary venous return
TD: tardive dyskinesia
TGA: transposition of the great arteries
TMD: transient myeloproliferative disorder
TPN: total parenteral nutrition
TTP: thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
UAG: urine anion gap
UC: ulcerative colitis
URI: upper respiratory infection
UTI: urinary tract infection
VADs: ventricular assist devices
VIP: vasoactive intestinal peptide
VOD: veno-occlusive disease
VSD: ventricular septal defect
VT: ventricular tachycardia
VZV: varicella zoster virus
WAS: Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome
WBC: white blood cell
WPW: Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome
XRT: radiotherapy

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