Skip to Main Content

We have a new app!

Take the Access library with you wherever you go—easy access to books, videos, images, podcasts, personalized features, and more.

Download the Access App here: iOS and Android

Key Features

  • Characterized by failure of segmentation of some or all of the cervical vertebrae

  • Multiple congenital spinal anomalies may be present, with hemivertebrae and scoliosis among the most common presentations

Clinical Findings

  • Short and stiff neck

  • Low hairline

  • Low set ears

  • Associated defects

    • Cervical rib

    • Spina bifida

    • Torticollis

    • Web neck

    • High scapula

    • Renal anomalies

    • Deafness


  • Renal ultrasound

  • Hearing test


  • Surgical intervention is necessary to prevent neurologic injury in symptomatic patients with unstable spinal anomalies

  • If asymptomatic, a spine surgeon will determine if surgical intervention is warranted after review of patient's age, history, and activity level

  • Spinal arthrodesis is indicated if progressive scoliotic deformities develop

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.