Skip to Main Content

We have a new app!

Take the Access library with you wherever you go—easy access to books, videos, images, podcasts, personalized features, and more.

Download the Access App here: iOS and Android

Key Findings

  • Causes

    • Hydrocephalus

    • Glioma of the optic nerve

    • Craniosynostosis

    • Certain neurologic diseases

    • Toxins, such as methyl alcohol

    • Certain inborn errors of metabolism

    • Long-standing papilledema or papillitis

Clinical Findings

  • Optic atrophy is found in children most frequently after neurologic compromise during the perinatal period; an example would be a premature infant who develops an intraventricular hemorrhage


  • Direct examination of the optic nerve by ophthalmoscopy reveals an optic nerve head with a cream or white color and possibly cupping

  • Neuroimaging is necessary to delineate CNS abnormalities


  • Treatment of the underlying condition is indicated

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.