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Key Features

  • Retinal hemorrhages are commonly seen in the otherwise healthy newborn

  • Retinal hemorrhages occur most often after vaginal delivery but can also be present after suction delivery or cesarean section

Clinical Findings

  • A dilated retinal examination reveals unilateral or bilateral hemorrhages that can be located anywhere in the retina

  • May appear as dot, blot, subretinal, or preretinal hemorrhages

  • May also break into the vitreous


  • Examination of the retina of an otherwise healthy newborn infant is not indicated


  • Observation; retinal hemorrhages usually disappear within the first month of life

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