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At a glance

It is a malformative medical condition that is characterized by the association of polysyndactyly and hallux valgus.


Hallux Varus Preaxial Polysyndactyly Syndrome.


In 1980, Kleiner and Holmes described two brothers with bilateral hallux varus.


One case report of two siblings. Exact incidence unknown.

Genetic inheritance

Autosomal recessive inheritance.


This medical condition is diagnosed based on the clinical evaluation.

Clinical aspects

There is variability in the physical characteristics as shown between two brothers originally described. One presented duplication/triplication of the great toes and the other had unusually broad great toes with incomplete duplication of the phalanges. The parents were not related and showed no skeletal abnormality.

Precautions before anesthesia

There are no special precautions for this medical condition.

Anesthetic considerations

No specific anesthetic considerations.


Kleiner  BC, Holmes  LB: Hallux varus and preaxial polysyndactyly in brothers. Am J Med Genet 6:113–117, 1980.  [PubMed: 6255798]

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