• Picture tests, such as Allen cards or LEA symbols
(flash cards with figures or symbols), are suggested for children 3–4
years of age.
• Tumbling E test (which involves matching the orientation of the
legs of the letter E with the child’s fingers) or HOTV
test (which involves matching the letters H, O, T, V on a wall chart
with the correct letter on a testing board) is suggested for children
ages 3–5 years.
• Snellen acuity chart (using Snellen letters or numbers) is suggested
for children 6 years of age and older.
• Occluders are used to obtain complete coverage of the untested